City Majors have listed the world’s fastest growing cities. I guess that from a westerers perspective this list can be somewhat confusing since none of the top cities are household names for us. Never the less, make no mistake. It is in these cities that all that sustainable urbanisation we are talking about must take place. To make the list less daunting I have made a brief introduction to the top five cities. Enjoy.
With a growth of 10.58% Beihai doubles its population every 7th year. Beihai is a seaport on the north shore of the Gulf of Tonkin, which has granted it historical importance as a port of international trade for Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Guizhou, and Yunnan. Beihai contains three districts and one county, which are subdivided into five urban sub-districts: Haicheng District, Yinhai District, Tieshangang District and Hepu County. Beihai was one of the two departure harbors of China’s Silk Road on the Sea. It has a long history of being open to tourists. It is also regarded as one of China’s most liveable cities.
In a honorable second place Ghaziabad ”only” doubles it population every 14th year. Ghaziabad is a part of the National Capital Region of Delhi. It is a industrial city, well connected by roads and railways. It is the administrative headquarters of Ghaziabad District as well as being the primary commercial, industrial and educational centre of western Uttar Pradesh. The city has two major divisions separated by the Hindon River: Trans-Hindon and Cis-Hindon. Ghaziabad is known for its high crime rate and for being the most polluted city in Uttar Pradesh.
Sana’a a UNESCO World Heritage Site is the capital of Yemen and the centre of Sana’a Governorate. Sana’a is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world. At an altitude of 2,300 metres (7,500 ft), it is also one of the highest capital cities in the world. With a growth of 5% it doubles its population every 15th year. Historically, Sana’a had a mining industry. The hills around Sana’a were mined for onyx, chalcedony, and cornelian. 40% of jobs in Sana’a are in the public sector. Other primary job sectors are in trade and industry. It is estimated that 25% of the labor force in Sana’a is unemployed.
Surat is India’s eighth most populated city, with a population of 4.5 million it double its population every 15th year. A moat divides the older parts of the city, with its narrow streets and historical houses, from the newer suburbs. The city is largely recognized for its textile and diamond businesses and more recently, for diamond-studded gold jewelry manufacturing. 92% of the world’s diamonds are cut and polished in Surat.
Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan. According to a 2012 estimate, the population of the city was 3,3M and the city double its population every 16th year. During Kabuls 3,500 years of history many empires have fought over the valley for its strategic location.
Kabul’s main products include fresh and dried fruit, nuts, beverages, Afghan rugs, leather, sheep skin products and furniture, Over the last decade, the United States has invested approximately $9.1 billion into urban infrastructure. The wars since 1978 have limited the city’s economic productivity but since late 2001, local economic development has included a number of indoor shopping centers. According to Transparency International, the government of Afghanistan is the third most-corrupt in the world.